Chemical peel treatments are used for skin fine lines and wrinkles, caused by sun exposure, aging and genetics. They can also treat sun or age spots, blemishes, melasma, acne scars and also aid in the control of acne. They also improve the texture of the skin and increase cell turnover and help in moisture retention. Most skin colors and types can benefit from light chemical peels.
Types of Chemical Peels
There are many different types of peels which fall in the category of Light Peels or Medium to Deep Peels. The Light Peels are designed to penetrate only the epidermis (outer layer), these peels are non-invasive. Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHAs) such as glycolic acid, derived from sugar cane or lactic acid from sour milk are normally known as light peels, these are used in a low percentage content. Beta Hydroxyl Acid (BHA) peels penetrate deeper into the pores and may help control oil, acne as well as remove dead skin cells.
Medium to Deep peels can only be administered by a Physician or a Medical practitioner. Medium peels are performed in the doctor’s office or in a Medical facility. TCA (trichloroacetic acid), glycolic acid (50% or more), Jessner’s and Phenol are the chemicals used for medium peels. These peels are not suitable for darker skinned people. Phenol is a highly acidic deep peel that penetrates down to the dermis. Most medium peels if not administrated properly can cause permanent hyperpigmentation or uneven skin tone. These peels are used for deeper lines and wrinkles and severe sun damaged skin.
A warming or stinging sensation is felt when a light peel is applied on the face and may last for five to ten minutes, if you feel a burning sensation let the Esthetician know so they can remove the chemical solution from your face quickly. After the peel, your skin starts peeling and may look scaly and this will last from three days to a week. It is very important to keep your skin moisturized and apply sunscreen lotion SPF 30 and above every day after a Chemical Peel Treatment. Maintaining your skin after these treatments is really important otherwise your skin will return back to its original state.
For more information visit our Forum and the ImperialSkin Channel also has a number of Videos on AHA, BHA and Medical Grade Chemical Peels procedures.